Newly elected to the Maryland Horse Council’s Board of Directors, John Blackburn will serve as a voting member beginning July 2016 through June 2018
Building Your Green Barn – Land Management, Equine Wellness, April/May 2016
“Designing For Extremes”, Equestrian Living Magazine, April 2016
“When Barn Builders Dream”, 2016 Tryon Equestrian Directory
Over Three Decades of Experience in Design Excellence ,Metro Architect, March 2016
His & Hers with LA Pomeroy: John Blackburn, Elite Equestrian, January 2016
Find Barn. Add Architect. Say “Whoa.”, Inside Hook, December 2015
“6 Barns Converted into Beautiful New Homes”,Inhabitat.com. July 2015
After A Million-Dollar Makeover, Behold the Party Barn, The Wall Street Journal, June 2015
Home, Reimagined, Architectural Digest, June 2015
Barn Again, UnTacked Magazine, May 2015
Dressage Barn Gone Green, Dressage Today, April 2015
Building A Green Barn, Equine Wellness Magazine, April 2015
Lucky Jack Farm, Horse and Style Magazine, December 2014
Where Do You Stand on the Great Carriage Debate, Horse and Style Magazine, September 2014
Things to Consider When Purchasing Equine Property, Field Sport Concepts, September 2014
Sheik Island Horse Training Farm in Dade City on the Market for $4.5 Million, Tampa Bay Times, May 2014
John Blackburn Basics, California Horse Magazine, April 2014
My Kingdom, Mi Casa: Pegaso Farm, Horse Sport International, Issue 1, 2014
Barn Design Masterclass: How to Get the Best Barn While Working on a Budget, Equestrian Quarterly, Fall 2013
Fire Wind Water: Thoughtful Barn Design May Reduce Disaster Risk, Polo Magazine, September 2013
Barn Envy: Oakhaven Farm, Horse & Style Magazine, August 2013
Building an Eco-Friendly Horse Barn, Equine Wellness Magazine, 2013
Let There Be Light, Equestrian Quarterly, Summer 2013
Colorful Kitchen Updates, Food and Wine Magazine, November 2012
Beauty and the Barn, DCmud, November 6, 2012
Staying ‘Stableminded’, The Zweig Marketing Letter, July 2012
How to Choose the Right Remodeling Professional for Your Needs, The Washington Examiner, June 1, 2012
Returning Sagamore to Her Rightful Glory, The Equiery, April 2012
Seeing the Light, Stable Management e-blast, April 2012
Bank Barns, Acreage Life Magazine, March 2012
A ‘Bettor’ Racecourse: NYRA Discusses Improvements to Racetracks, The Saratogian, September 2, 2011
Barn Saver, Saratoga Living, Summer 2011
From Native Dancer to Native Son: Restoring Sagamore Farm, DCmud, June 22, 2011
Barn Beauty, Cowboys & Indians, July 2011
A Modern Sports Success Story Meets a Historic Racing Farm, The New York Times, May 21, 2011
A Handsome, if not Historic, Hotel, The Washington Post, May 22, 2011
A Dreamer’s Latest Long Shot, The Washington Post, May 17, 2011
Green Barns,Clemson World Magazine,Spring 2011
Good Barnkeeping, Horsemen’s Yankee Pedlar Magazine’s 2011 Barn & Arena Guide, Spring 2011
No More the Desert Nomad (reprint), Desert Mirage Arabian Horse Virtual Magazine, April 2011
In the Spotlight: Blackburn Greenbarns, Green Business Quarterly, March/April 2011
Re-Use Architecture, Chris van Uffelen, Braun Publishing AG, 2011
Green Building Materials for your Horse Barn, Holistic Horse Magazine, October/November 2010
They Love Horses, Don’t They?, DCmud, August 9, 2010
Building a Green Horse Barn, Equestrian Professional Newsletter, June 2010
Stables: Beautiful Paddocks, Horse Barns, and Tack Rooms, Kathryn Masson, Rizzoli Publications, April 2010
Fresh Air and Lots of Light? It’s Just Good Horse Sense, Architecture DC Magazine, Spring 2010
Ask the Experts, Dressage Today, March 2010
Build-On: Converted Architecture and Transformed Buildings, edited by Robert Klanten and Lucas Feireiss, Gestalten, 2009
Greenbarns: Sustainable Homes for Your Horse, Inhabitat.com, July 13, 2009
More Escapes At Home, Web Extra, Washington Spaces Magazine, Summer 2009
NYRA Details Track Season Giveaways, Daily Gazette, June 30, 2009
Sustainable Barns for Green Horse Owners, bestgreenhometips.com, June 9, 2009
Architect Launches Eco-Friendly Barn Designs, customhomesonline.com, June 3, 2009
Selling the Outdoor Room, Remodelers’ Journal, April/May 2009
Beautiful Bank Barn Renovation, Inhabitat.com, April 3, 2009
Safe Haven, Western Horseman, March 2009
Seeing Green, Stable Management, February 2009
Good Barnkeeping, The Horse, February 2009
Green, Greener, Greenest, Horse Connection Magazine, November 2008
Lighten Up, Stable Management, October 2008
Stable Environment, Keeneland Magazine, Summer 2008
Arena Considerations, Western Horseman, June 2008
Saving Sagamore, Maryland Life, May/June 2008
Maximizing Work Flow, Western Horseman, May 2008
Potential Energy, Western Horseman, April 2008
Good Flow, Western Horseman, April 2008
Site Planning, Western Horseman, March 2008
Sagamore Farm Reborn, Mid-Atlantic Thoroughbred Magazine, February 2008
Lighten Up, Western Horseman, February 2008
Fashionable Fire for the Home, The Remodelers’ Journal, December/January 2008
Hill Country Horse Barn, Western Horseman, January 2008
Equine Design, Estates West, Winter 2008
Second Chances, Green Builder Magazine—Cover Story, December 2007
A Breath of Fresh Air, Western Horseman, December 2007
Barn Rebirth, Best of Southern Living (special issue), Holiday 2007
California Dreaming, Western Horseman, November 2007
Heating Up the Backyard, Garden Compass, September/October 2007
2007 Southern Home Awards, Best Preservation, Southern Living, October 2007
Champagne Barn on a Beer Budget, Everything for Horse and Rider, Summer 2007
Creature Comforts, Stable Management, September 2007
Quiet Impact (Monticule Form), Keeneland Magazine, Summer 2007
Adding On, Stable Management, August 2007
Get Organized: A well-organized tack room is attractive to your clients and allows you to find what you need when you need it, Stable Management, July 2007
55 Tips for Better Barn Function, Dressage Today, May, 2007
Ranch Dressing: Devine Barn as High Fashion Backdrop, Genlux Magazine, April/May, 2007
Horse Heaven, The Austin American Statesman, November 30, 2006
A Barn for Every Budget, Equestrian Magazine, November 2006
An Old Red Barn Gets A New Life, Washington Spaces, Early Winter 2006
A Breed Apart, Austin Home and Living, September/October 2006
Ultimate Horse Barns, Randy Leffingwell, Voyageur Press, 2006
Run-In Shed Makeover, The Horse, May 2006
Turning Old Into NewWeb, Thoroughbred Times, March 2004
A Sunday Horse, Vicky Moon, Capitol Books, Inc., March 2004
Master Planner, The Washington Times, February 17, 2004
Simply Devine, Sidelines Magazine, November 1, 2003
Advantages of an Architect-Designed Barn, Riding Magazine, May 2003
Out of the Box, Home Magazine, April 2003
Design on the Hoof, Washington City Paper, November 22, 2002
Brilliant Moves, Kentucky Herald-Leader, November 8, 2002
A Face Lift, Stable Management, April 2002
Creating a Better Barn, Thoroughbred Times, December 1, 2001
Doing Your Homework Before Building A Farm, The International Equine Journal, Fall 2001
Equinomics: Stall Flooring, The Horse, September 2001
A Brilliant Idea, Keeneland, Summer 2001
So You Want A Farm, The Horse, June 2001
Building a Safe Breeding Facility, Horsecity.com, April 2001
Building Barns in Albemarle, Albemarle, April/May 2001
Barns By Blackburn, Whoanews.com, January 2001
Middleburg Mystique, Vicky Moon, Capital Books, Inc., September 2001
Putting Your Mare Under Lights, Warmblood Magazine, November/December 2000
Parade of Barns, Polo Players Edition, July 2000
To Buy or Build, Thoroughbred Times, September 25, 1999
Field of Dreams, Horse Show Magazine, July/August 1999
Taj Mahorse, Polo Players Edition, July 1999
Blackburn Architects Builds Area Barns, Keswick Life, May 1999
Home Sweet Home, The Horse, May 1999
Bungalow: American Restoration Style, by Jan Cigliano, (Salt Lake City: Gibbs-Smith Publichers), 1998
Housing Your Horse, The Horse, September 1998
Riding High, Elle Decor, August/September 1998
Kingdom for a Horse, Town and Country, April 1998
Dream Stable, The Blood Horse, March 14, 1998
Morven Stud: Age-old Virginia Farm Builds Toward Future, Mid-Atlantic Thoroughbred, February 1998
Breeding Facilities, The Horse, January 1998
Barns East and West, Wood Design & Building, Autumn 1997
Variety is the Spice of Riding Arena Design, Rural Builder, May 1997
Building Your Dream, In & Around Horse Country, Oct/Nov 1996
Rhapsodies In Blueprint, SPUR, March/April 1996
Take Stock of Design to Eliminate Common Hazards, The Maryland Horse, Oct/Nov 1995
Born Again, The Washington Post Magazine, October 1, 1995
Horse Sense: The New Breed of Barn, The Washington Post, February 18, 1995
Saints Preserve Us” A Timely Addition, Church of St. Stephen Martyr’s New Recovery, The Washington Post, August 14, 1993
Dream Schemes, Remodeling Ideas, Spring 1993
Food Retail Design and Display, Martin M. Pegler, Editor, New York: Retail Reporting Corporation, 1993
Designing Horsemen, SPUR, Sept/Oct 1991
Thoroughbred Landscape, Landscape Architecture, June 1991
Will and Sarah Farish’s Lane’s End Farm, SPUR, Nov/Dec 1990
Back Porches Make a Comeback, Washington Home, June 15, 1989
John Blackburn will be presenting at the 2016 HSUS Animal Care Expo in Las Vegas, May 11th – 14th. John will be discussing how horse health and safety is impacted by barn and farm design. For more information about the expo please visit: 2016 Animal Care Expo
Healthy Stables by Design restocked on Amazon.
Watch as John gives viewers advice about their barn projects on the popular series Wild About Barns.
Coming off the heels of a truly epic storm for the Washington D.C. area (and most of the east coast!), I thought I’d take a moment to address how design techniques can help barns “weather” extremes.
In the United States, the upper northeast regions through to the Midwest are prone to experience weather extremes in the form of snow and ice. While we cannot entirely “weather proof” a barn, we can make it more resilient to some of the more damaging effects of weather phenomena.
The roof of your barn needs to be able to:
- Withstand the weight of snow and/or effectively shed it
- Prevent or reduce the formation of ice dams
- Redirect “roof avalanches” from sliding into high traffic or poor drainage areas and also reduce associated noise that could frighten the horses.
In addition to contributing to the Bernoulli principle I incorporate for natural ventilation, steeply pitched roofs also contribute to effective, gradual roof shedding and the redistribution of snow load. Ideally the pitch should be between 4/12 and 6/12 to get the optimal shedding effect (although, we generally try to keep pitches at 7/12 or more to take full advantage of the Chimney Effect and Bernoulli principle for natural ventilation)
Roofing material will also factor into how the snow will shed. Metal roofs are excellent as they are smooth and slick. They will also stay colder longer; reducing the likelihood that snow will melt and form ice dams (more on this below). Snow will shed from a metal roof even if the pitch is lower. Shingled roofs, however, will slow down the shedding process by “holding on” to the snow and allowing it to stay in place and accumulate. Consider a steeper pitch if you prefer a shingled roof as it will facilitate the shedding process over the rougher material.
Now, you might be saying to yourself, “Well, the snow is off the roof…but it’s all over the place! Now what?” Including strategic roof overhangs will complement the steeper pitch by helping to distribute shedding snow away from exterior walls and out of traffic and poor drainage areas. Be wary though, snow sliding off roofs can be noisy and frightening to horses, not to mention dangerous if it falls on you! Snow guards on the roof can help reduce the noise associated with shedding snow and keep huge sheets of it from falling on (and potentially harming) 2 and 4 legged passersby. Gabled dormers over entryways can also be useful. They help to direct snow off to the sides.
Ice dams are another unfortunate side effect of snow-laden roofs. An ice dam forms when the underside of the roof gets warm enough to thaw the bottom layer of snow sitting on the other side. The water makes its way down to the eave where it refreezes, eventually growing into a mound of ice. As the ice dam gets larger, it can pull the shingles and edges up allowing water to get through and into the insulation and walls. Water damage then wreaks havoc on the interior of the barn. The ice dam could also break off the eave and take pieces of the roof with it or fall on passersby. Sure, there are ways to deal with ice dams once they’ve formed, but natural ventilation can help prevent them upfront. Natural ventilation keeps the underside of the roof within 10 degrees of the outside temperature, which aides in keeping that critical layer of snow right on top from thawing and running down towards the eaves.
Site and circulation planning can help prevent and/or reduce the impact of icy conditions around equine walkways. In the interest of horse safety, I try to design site circulation so that horses do not need to move over asphalted areas intended for trucks and service vehicles (there are other benefits associated with that as well). Asphalt is not great for horse’s knees, generally, but it is particularly problematic when wintery conditions lead to the formation of “black ice” — a thin sheet of ice over the asphalt that can be imperceptible to the horse or persons walking on to it. Horse pathways in and around the barn should include porous footing that absorbs and carries moisture away quickly. Presently there is no way (that I know of) to prevent pastures from freezing over, but you can maintain a dry paddock or “sacrifice” lot where your horses can be turned out when pastures have been effected by inclement weather. Paddocks with considerable slope can be particularly hazardous when they freeze over. That’s when a “level” dry lot can be very useful!
As many on the east coast found out this past week, there is only so much preparation you can do in a couple of days before a storm hits. You, your horses, and your barn will benefit from built in preparation.
John Blackburn to present at the 2016 Equine Affaire in Columbus, OH April 7-10, 2016
John will be speaking at the Masters of Foxhounds Association Open House hosted by Manhattan Saddlery in New York City on Friday, January 29th, 2016.
I had the pleasure of attending the 2nd annual Equus Film Festival in NYC recently, an event that Blackburn Architects sponsored last year and again this year. Included in this year’s line-up of activities was a tour of the Clinton Park carriage horse stables. Until just recently I had not had the opportunity to explore the city stables so this was my first visit. It was something I had long been looking forward to especially given the controversy surrounding the horse carriages. Now having toured the facilities, I thought I’d offer my perspective as an architect who specializes in the design of safe and healthy horse stables.
Having heard and read tales about the conditions the horses were living in and being an adamant proponent of horse health and safety, I was anxious to see the stables for myself and determine from my own expertise if or how the stable conditions contributed to or confirmed these claims of abuse. The tour was lead by carriage driver and working horse advocate, Christina Hansen.
Clinton Park is the largest stable of the city’s four. It was built in the late 19th century and has operated as a stable for horses serving the City since it was constructed. It is currently owned by a co-op of carriage owners. It houses over 70 horses and over half of the city’s 68 carriages. The first floor is strictly “operations” and includes storage for carriages, maintenance for equipment and a couple small offices. Ramps lined with rubber mats lead to the 2nd & 3rd floor areas where the horses are kept. All the stalls are at least 60 sq. ft. or larger and each contains a fan and an automatic waterer. Considering the size of the carriage horses, I’d say the stalls are on the “cozy” side, but not alarmingly so. The stalls are mucked twice a day and the stables are attended to by at least 3 personnel 24/7.
My tour took place during the fall (November), so I can’t attest to what the facility is like in the dead of winter or the heat of summer. However, I was impressed with the efforts and procedures put in place to provide adequate ventilation for both seasonal extremes (good ventilation is critical to the health of the horse in all types of weather.) Furthermore, I was pleased to learn that the horses work on a rotation schedule where they are sent to the country for four to five months out of the year and work the remaining months – a work schedule many humans would love to have. Sign me up!
I’ve read recently, that Mayor de Blasio has modified his position on eliminating the horses all together in favor of reducing their numbers and confining them to Central Park. I’ve been a vocal advocate for horse activity to continue in New York City and have stood by the NYC Carriage Horse drivers in their pursuit to remain in operation. Like Mayor de Blasio, I too feel Central Park would be a great option to house some of the horses, however I don’t support the idea of reducing their numbers. This visit has given me a new perspective on the current carriage horse stabling and I feel they should remain in operation. I do feel that Central Park, as a prominent tourist destination, could benefit from being “friendlier” to equine activity. More riding trails, expanded carriage lanes, rubber standing mats for carriage horses while they wait for patrons, and maybe a “living museum” or educational event that pays tribute to the city’s equine past are just a couple ideas to get started on expanding the Park’s equine amenities.
As for the existing stables, I did not witness conditions that I would consider detrimental to the horse’s health or safety. In fact, I was quite impressed by the care and concern that the horse owners, drivers and other handlers provide the animals. Sure, they operate out of an historic structure that could use significant physical improvements, but in my 30+ years of experience designing for horses, I have never encountered an occasion where a horse required “new” finishes, fresh paint, or other nice finishes that humans enjoy. A horse’s basic needs (light, natural ventilation, quality feed, comfortable/ clean bedding, regular exercise, etc) are what need to be met and I feel the Clinton stables provide that. I would, of course, be happy to provide recommendations for improvements should the owners ever want to upgrade. The stables embody a lengthy heritage of metropolitan horse stabling and continue to operate safely and effectively to that purpose.
Ultimately, we need to support the horse carriage industry and encourage more use of horses in the city, not less. I remain adamant in my concern for the protection, health and safety of all horses in all activities and I continue to fight for the preservation and expansion of equine related activities in everyday life (riding, showing, therapy, sport, etc).
Barn managers across the nation are gearing up for the winter by gathering and storing the last of the season’s hay yield. After reading several recent articles on barn fires as a result of spontaneously exploding hay bales, I thought I’d recommend another hay storage option from a planning (and horse health and safety) perspective.
Barns are often portrayed in art and media with prominent, overflowing haylofts. And why not?! They make for convenient, easy-access storage. There are countless pop-culture depictions of haylofts as hiding places, romantic destinations, and play areas (I spent a good bit of childhood playing in haylofts, to be honest!) And though these images are mostly innocuous, they, unfortunately, reinforce the idea that this space is the “of course ”option for hay stockpiling. Historically, hay has almost always been stored in the barn, but as hay curing and combustion research further developed, it became evident that these traditional storage methods were contributing to unsafe conditions for the barn inhabitants and the structures themselves. The popularized image of haylofts did not keep up with the findings. I have long argued that haylofts in barns should be avoided. As convenient as they may be, there are better options to safely store bulk hay.
Recent articles in both the Paulick Report and The Horse have excellent, detailed information about the hows and whys of spontaneous hay combustion and how to quell the effects of improperly cured hay. Eye-opening reads for sure, but I must stress the benefit of alternative bulk hay storage as an additional preventative measure.
We typically recommend bulk hay to be stored in a separate hay-barn altogether. Ideally, this structure would be at least 100 ft. away from the main barn. With proper planning, this method can also contribute to efficient farm circulation by establishing pathways that do not obstruct main throughways and drive unnecessary noise and commotion out of sight and earshot of nervous equines – another safety factor to think about. Driveway access and asphalt surfaces can also be confined to the hay barn area too, eliminating – or at least reducing- asphalt use around the main barn, which can be uncomfortable footing for horses and, in some parts of the country, potentially dangerous in winter. The added bonus of less installation cost and hassle is also something to consider!
Perhaps you’re now anxiously biting your nails at the thought of having to haul hay from the hay-barn 100 ft. away every single day. We wouldn’t want to do that either! For convenience, we recommend 7-day storage within the main barn, usually as an isolated stall, but arranged in such a way that it is easy to load, convenient for access, open to natural ventilation, sheltered from precipitation, and set upon a moisture-absorbent surface. Though we do not recommend bulk storage within the barn, we understand it’s not always feasible for a barn owner to commission an architect to design a separate storage. In some cases, the owner has simply “always done it that way” and is adamant about continuing to do so. Regardless of budget or insistence, we make it a point to at least create a solid fire and smoke separation between the main stalling area and hay storage. Our first priority is always the horse.
Hopefully the “hayday” of the hayloft is behind us and we can continue to encourage owners to consider relocating their bulk-hay stores. For now, if the barn is hosting 7 days worth of hay or the entire supply, we take every precaution to minimize health and safety risks to your horse.